A government proposal writer is someone who specializes in writing proposals to request government funding. This person is often hired by various groups or companies to help them create a formal proposal they can submit to a government agency. The government funds all kinds of different projects if they feel the need is worth the effort. Many universities use this type of writing to obtain grants for the different projects their professors want to pursue. Grants are often given to the fields of science and medicine to further studies or research into specific areas. The proposal needs to adhere to the guidelines set forth by the government agency.